Tools and machinery make the farming operations easy. Some of the implements for land preparation, cultivation, spraying, harvesting, processing, packaging and transportation are inevitable in the farming sector, in order to increase profits in limited time. Some of the innovative farmers of Karnataka in India made innovations to help themselves and fellow areca farmers.
Arecanut farming activities during the months of September to November are important for ensuring future harvests. Good agricultural practices include cleaning the plot and inter-cultivation, fertilizer application, carrying out prophylactic measures against disease, preparation for harvest and irrigation systems.
ಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ಅನುಸಾರವಾಗಿ ಹಾಗೂ ಸಮರ್ಪಕವಾಗಿ ನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಜೈವಿಕ ಹತೋಟಿ ಸಾಧ್ಯ. ಉಪಯುಕ್ತ ಕೀಟಗಳಾದ ಕಣಜದ ಹುಳುಗಳಂತಹಾ ಪ್ರಾಣಿಗಳನ್ನು ಕೊಲ್ಲುವುದರಿಂದ ಜೈವಿಕ ಸಂಕಲೆ ಏರುಪೇರಾಗಿ ಕೀಟಗಳ ಅನಿಯಂತ್ರಿತ ವೃದ್ಧಿ ಉಂಟಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ರಾಸಾಯನಿಕ ಮಾರ್ಗ ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸುವಾಗ ಶಿಫಾರಸು ಮಾಡಲಾದ ಪ್ರಮಾಣ ಹಾಗೂ ಆವೃತ್ತಿಗಳನ್ನು ಅನುಸರಿಸುವುದು ಉತ್ತಮ.
The coastal ecosystem is the blue forest ecosystem. Mangroves are one of the productive and most valuable coastal ecosystems on earth which provide habitat for many different species of animals. Mangroves also provide numerous ecosystem services, benefits and opportunities for recreation and tourism. Conservation of the mangrove ecosystem is necessary because it is lost at an alarming rate. Recently, remote sensing technologies to assess deforestation rates of mangroves and also DNA barcoding of mangroves is done for its precise identification.
Vermicomposting is a method of conversion of waste to wealth. If we allow the garbage to accumulate, it will be a real problem for our living. Instead of burning it and accumulating atmospheric pollutants, it is very nice to convert it into eco-friendly vermicompost.
In arecanut farming silent killers are the white grubs which are hidden enemies under the soil coner, eating on the tender roots. Similarly, the emerging problems of snails need to be tackled with timely interventions. Farmers discussed on these aspects with organic alternatives as against chemical options.
Arecanut diseases are mainly due to fungal infection. Phytophthora, Colletotrichum, Ganoderma and Phyllostica cause diseases such as fruit rot, inflorescence die-back, stem rot and leaf spots. Integrated disease management along with garden cleaning can save the crop.